JIM CORBETT NATIONAL PARK
Nainital is one of the most famous places situated all over the India. It consists both of the beautiful places as well as the historical places. Jim Corbett national park is one of the historic places situated in nainital district of uttarakhand. It is said to be the oldest national park in india which was known by the name hailey national park when it was established in 6aug 1936. The name of this park was again changed to ramganga national park after the independence of India. Afterwards, in 1956, it was named after jim Corbett. Jim Corbett was a famous hunter who later became famous conservationist and naturist. He played a very important role in establishment of the park. The specialty of this park is the protection of endangered Bengal tiger under the project tiger.
TIGER PROTECTION-AN INITIATIVE
Bengal tiger is one of the endangered species in India. It is our prime duty to protect this species from extinction. Jim Corbett national park serves this purpose. Its main objective is to protect the critically endangered Bengal tiger of India. Under the project tiger, this park acts as a protected area for the Bengal tigers.
James.E.Corbett was a known to be a famous hunter but afterwards he became a nature loving person and wanted to protect the nature and its resources.
According to the history, the state of tehri garhwal occupied some areas of the park. They cleared the forest to prevent their kingdom from rohilla invaders. A tribe from a place known terai started living on that land and growing crops. But soon they were thrown out from that place when the british rule came. They banned the cultivation processes and took the whole land under them. Britishers thought of creating a game reserve on that land in 1907 for their benefit. But later in 1936 they established a park known as hailey national park. Then it was renamed to ramganga national park after the name of the river ramganga. Jim corbett played a significant role in persuading the government to establish the wild life sanctuary. He was successful in influencing the british government to establish this park. So it was named after him.
Later in 1991, the sonanadi wild life sanctuary was also added to the park which made it bigger in terms of area as well as tourism. Hunting was strictly banned in the premises of the park but for commercial purposes timber cutting was allowed. Capturing of the mammals, reptiles and birds was also against the rules but later during the 2nd world war, excessive cutting of trees became a major problem.
FLORA AND FAUNA
Jim Corbett national park is full of large variety of flora and fauna. It consist of almost 600 species of shrubs, trees, herbs and bamboos etc and almost 585 species of the beautiful birds which includes the red jungle owl and crested serpent eagle.
It also includes 33 species of reptiles, 7 species of amphibians, 37 species of dragonflies and almost 7 species of fishes according to latest survey. You may also see many Bengal tigers, elephants, spotted deer, leopards, crocodiles, butterflies and a lots of plant species here.This place would attract the adventure loving persons as there are many trekking sites and beautiful valleys.
Dhikala is situated alone the patli dun valley. This is the place which provides you the intoxicating view of the patli dun valley. You will find a guest house at this place which was constructed hundreds of years ago. Before reaching this place you will have to take proper permission from the forest guard. But you can roam around with a forest guide only.
The entry of the tourists around premises of the park is strictly prohibited but they can surely go for trekking around the park, along with a guide only. As this place is at a certain height of sea level so its temperature is very low during the winter season. So proper care must be taken by those who plan to trek during the winter season.
This is one of the best places for the bird lovers as a lot of migratory birds visit this place during the winters. It seems to be very beautiful when many beautiful birds flied together along the mountains all over the sky.
The major source of water for the jim Corbett park is ramganga river. It also provides habitat for the aquatic species like mahseer fish, crocodiles, turtles and most important, the endangered gharials. Many migratory birds from Europe and central asia migrate to this place during the winters which increase the tourism in this place.
ITS ROLE IN INDIAN TOURISM
India is known for its unity in diversity. Its diverse surroundings and climate attracts many tourists from all over the world. The nature lovers and the writers specially love to visit the national park and wild life scentuaries which provides them peace and tranquity. These wild life scentuaries are far away from human interference and selfishness. So they are protected in terms of pollution and degradation. These places provide immense pleasure to everyone as they find themselves very close to the nature.
Corbett national park is the oldest park in India. Every year lakhs of people love to visit it just to feel the depth of the nature. It enhances the tourism industry in India. This park is mainly known for its peace and isolation. Instead of so many visitors during the whole year, it is successful in maintaining that peace which attracts more people towards it. It is the first choice for most of the naturists and wild life visitors. According to a latest survey jim Corbett park earned Rs 310 lakh from tourism which is approximately the 90% of the total earning from the tourism earned by uttarakhand. So this park plays a very important role in the tourism industy of india and hence the country earns a lot from it. It seems as if the whole tourism income comes only from the jim corbett national park only which itself shows its significance.