NAINITAL- THE GLITTERING JEWEL
Life today has become so busy and full of tension. Everything we do is to come forward and compete with the world. This leads to a great tension amongst the people all over. Each and every person in this world needs some peace to overcome their stress. Nainital is the most popular hill station that people love to visit. At this place people find everything that they want during their holidays. Fun, adventure, peace, relaxation, mountains and valleys everything is provided by this single place. Sitting at the foothills of Himalayas, this place is surrounded by the mountains all around from where the whole valley can be seen. It is situated almost 6400 ft above the sea level. The name nainital has been kept by the combination of two words 'Nan' and 'tal' which means 'lake of the eye'. This is believed to be the historical place where sati's eyes fell. In winters, this place seems to be like heaven with snow and snow all around. This place experiences a maximum rainfall in the month of December and January. The temperature during this time varies from 13 degree Celsius to -3 degree Celsius. It is just like another heaven on earth. It gives an immense pleasure, peace and antiquity to the people who visit there. Far away from the human interference, only few places are there which is not spoiled by the modern world of pollution and land degradation. Nainital comes under this category.
HOW TO REACH
It is not very difficult to reach nainital as it is joined with different modes of transport. You can easily reach nainital either by road or by air. It is connected through the national highway no. 87. Buses from all the cities and villages are available for this superb place. It is situated at a distance of 65 km from ramnagar, 64 km from almora and a distance of 400 km from Lucknow. Main trains are also connecting nainital to different parts of the country. Ranikhet express from delhi, anand vihar ac express from anand vihar, Delhi and bagh express from kathgodam are some of the trains which provides a way of transportation to nainital. In the month of May, June and October, the entry of heavy traffic is strictly prohibited on the mall road from 8 am to 10:30 am and 2:30 pm to 10:30 pm. The nearest airport in nainital is situated in Patnanagar which is 70 km away from nainital.
In 1815, the estates of kumaon and garhwal were occupied by the britishers. Nainital was seen in the issue of Englishman Calcutta in 1841 where announcement of a lake was done in the vicinity of almora. The municipal board of nainital was formally declared and constituted on 3rd October 1850. After that, nainital started becoming the summer attraction of the country. After some time it became the summer capital and a sensation. It was also considered as the better place for the education for those British people who wanted their children to study in the environment of fresh air and away from all other pains.
There are many famous attractions of this place which attracts many tourists round the year. There are some special places which make this place worth visiting and increase the tourism income of the state of uttarakhand.
This lake is situated in the middle of the dream city nainital. This beautiful city has earned its name from the beautiful naini lake as the name nainital has been kept after the Naini Lake. The speciality of this lake is that it is eye shaped which attracts many tourists towards this lovely place. Boating is the other leisurely activity you can enjoy in the Naini Lake. The two ends of this lake are connected by a bridge which consists of many shops and a small post office on it. In fact, this post office is the only one in the world to be situated on the bridge.
This lake is the biggest lake situated in nainital. It is located at a distance of 22 km from the city center. Its name is kept after the name of the pandav brother bhim. There are many temples around the lake and you can easily hear the sweet sounds of the bells from the nearest temples.
Naini devi temple
The Naini devi temple is an important destination specially for the devout Hindus. It is constructed on the northern shore of the Naini Lake. It was destroyed in a landslide in 1880 and later it was reconstructed in a different and beautiful way. We can get an amazing view of the naini lake from the naini devi temple.
St John's church
This church was built in 1844. It is located in mallital which is in the northern end of nainital. The foundation of this antique church was laid by Daniel Wilson at this place. It is one of the must visit places situated in nainital.
Snow view point
Snow view point is situated at a height of 2260 m from the sea level. As its name suggests, it is one of the coldest places situated in nainital. It gives you the awesome view of all the snow covered mountains, peaks and valleys. This place is mostly visited in the month of October and November. Your journey to nainital is incomplete without a visit to the snow view point.
We have already discussed about the Naini Lake and the naini Devi temple. Naini Lake is situated besides the naina peak. It gives an immense pleasure while looking the beautiful nainital from this naina peak. It is the highest peak of nainital and is situated at a distance of 6 km away from the town. It is also known by the name of china peak. It is a delight for the trekking lovers.
Nakuchia Lake is the name which is kept because this lake is known to have nine corners. The specialty of this lake is situated in its serenity as it is far away from the human interference. Taking a round across the nine corners of this lake or boating around gives an immense pleasure to the visitors. This place provides peace and antiquity to the tourists which are the first and last purpose of people to visit the hill stations.
This is the most famous place for the bird lovers. It provides the breathtaking views and scenes of the birds which attracts many people towards it. Only a very few places are there in India which the bird and animal lovers love to visit. This place provides many beautiful birds with different features.
FAIRS AND FESTIVALS
Nainital is a place full of life and colors. People enjoy each and every moment of their lives. After the harvesting season, there is full enjoyment, dance, rejoice and celebration. The most popular festivals which are celebrated in nainital are mainly basant panchami, shivratri, janmastmi, deepawali, samvatsar, holi, batsavitri, nandastmi and rakshabandhan. Other than these festivals, there are many fairs organized on different occasions. On the auspicious occasion of basant panchami (around 14th January) , uttaraini fair is organized in chitrashila near ranibagh. There is a tradition of feeding crows on the occasion of basant panchami with a very famous saying which is sung by everyone. There is another vary famous fair namely somnath fair in kakrighat on the last Monday of baisakh. On 16th j july and 17th July harela mela is observed in bhimtal which is very popular and people from different parts of the country visit during this tremendous occasion. All these occasions bring a lot of happiness, rejoice and prosperity in the lives of the people. These are the occasions which bring the people together and teach them to stay in unity and brotherhood.
There is a special cultural tradition in kumaon which has a deep history inside. This tradition is of colorful ornamentation on aanchal clothes. There is a special dress namely pichora and also known as rangwali which is wore by all the women. This dress is a piece of muslin cloth which is 3 meters in length and one and half meters in width. This dress is yellow in color and then it is printed with design using the wooden sticks and the print is of red color. At the center of the dress there is a sign of swastika with the other signs of moons, stars, bells and conch shell. During the festivals and different occasions of the place, women decorate the floors and walls of their houses with beautiful colors, designs and patterns. For the purpose of decorating, women use the household things such as paste of rice mixed with ochre. The special room where the worship is done is decorated with specific things called peeth and yantra. These are the diagrammatic representation which consists of many permutations and features.